Vaquita or Gulf Of California Harbor Porpoise

Vaquita or Gulf Of California Harbor Porpoise

Harbor Porpoise

IUCN CR
IUCN red list classification as critically endangered

Scientific Name: Phocoena sinus
English name: Vaquita or Gulf Of California Porpoise
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mammalia
Class: Chordata
Order: Cetartiodactyla
Family: Phocoenidae

Link to Red List page: vaquita or Gulf Of California Harbor Porpoise in the red list 

Habitat:

The vaquita habitat is small. She lives along the coast only.

Usually, she lives in shallow waters being endemic to the place.

Dimensions:

She’s small in dimensions, can reach 150 cm length and a weight around 50 kg.

Where to find:

In the Gulf of California only, is endemic to this place.

Lifestyle:

The vaquita studies are small. Because small is even the number of specimens remained. So we Don’t know a lot about this animal.

She is very reserved and she doesn’t like boats. Generally, she doesn’t like the other presence of humans.

Even is behavior when she swims is discrete. The vaquita appears a little bit only for breath, and she goes underwater immediately. Just the characteristic sound you can hear.
Something more we can know about the actual situation through the Sea Shepherd Operation Milagro. Sea Shepherd is present in the gulf. With her ships and works in collaboration with Mexican Govern.

Their operation showed another issue connect with the vaquita because afflict the same habitat.

The totoba fish is caught because of his swim bladder. Actually, the adult population of vaquita is less than 20 animals. It is classified by the red list IUCN Critically Endangered. Next step is the extinction. And we need to remember the extinction is forever.
The effort of Sea Shepherd Operation Milagro is limiting the decline of vaquita population. At the moment poachers have shot down one drone. The battle is becoming harder but the guys of the crew are strong and determined to save this beautiful animal. You can help them, visit the Sea Shepherd site and if you can help with a donation.

Major risk:

The first threat is in gillnets that local fisherman use. But there are even more issues. One is connected to the small number remained.

It creates a problem of inbreeding in reproduction. So the new calves are more vulnerable. Need to remember that is not a migratory animal, is endemic to the Gulf.

Then there is the ecological impact. Climate change reduced the fresh water flush, from Colorado River. Consequently, the concentration of pesticide and other pollution is very hight.  It has a big impact on the vaquita environment.
Actually, in 2018 the adult population they think is less than 20 animals.

Gulf Of California Harbor Porpoise

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Wildlife Serengeti Tanzania

Wildlife Serengeti Tanzania

Serengeti ecosystem

Serengeti is a huge ecosystem that includes Masai Mara National Reserve in Kenya. It includes even some adjacent areas.

It is a theater of the Great Migration of wildebeests. But is even the house of the famous Big Five. It is a special place in the earth and his delicate balancing is constantly under pressure. Primary is hunters, poachers, and politics with a short view.

Serengeti leopardThe Serengeti is together Ngorongoro the most famous and most important park in Tanzania. Extends for about 30,000 km2 in a region located in the northwest of Tanzania.

It extends to the border with Kenya where it actually goes on what the Masai Mara National Reserve.

In fact, Serengeti, Masai Mara, and Ngorongoro form a single ecosystem. A simple widely demonstration you have by observing the Great Migration of which we’ll talk later.

Some Game Reserves around the Serengeti have been set up as conservation areas where animals can be shot for a sports hunter.

With the payment of a very high ticket, they have the license to break down the animals that are indicated by the operators of the Game Reserves.

This strange way keeps a good number of animals protected and with this kind of reasoning safeguards the species.
The question arises spontaneously. Can hunting be considered a civilized way to keep the animal population under control? and can help the conservation?

For us no! It is not the right way.

But what is Serengeti’s main feature?. What distinguishes him from all the other parks?

Serengeti a Tanzania’s jewel

We can say that its immense plains in the southern and middle. With the characteristic Kopjes is the emblem.

In fact, the name Serengeti comes from the Maa language that spoken by the Maasai. It means just plain boundless. A curiosity: the language Maa is a true language and not a dialect.
In the last century when the park was set up, the Masai who were in semi-nomadic condition. From those lands were moved out of the Park area.

This event that is common to the Kenyan parks has created remarkable moods among the Masai. The Masai despite the assignment to them of surrounding lands. They never digested this forcing, just like in Kenya.

The Park

At the fauna level, the Serengeti is surely one of the richest parks in Africa. It counts 70 species of large mammals and more than 500 species of birds. Among the big mammals, of course, we have the famous Big Five. Elephant, Rhino, Cape Buffalo, Lion, and Leopard.

But there are a large number of Wildebeests populations. Zebras of hippopotamuses, giraffes, antelopes, and gazelles of all sorts. Smaller felines like the genus Caracal or Serval.

Top events

In conclusion, there are usually two major events in Serengeti. The birth of the Wildebeests. And the passage from the Serengeti to the Masai Mara.

Talking about wildebeests, we can say that the famous Mara river crossing event. You can also enjoy it in Serengeti.
Instead of seeing it on the river Mara we go to look out in the Grumeti River and is equally thrilling.

In the next article, we will talk more deeply about the Great Migration Of Wildebeests in Tanzania. And we will discover together the secrets of one of the greatest wild animal world events.

Official internet site of the Parks Authority in Tanzania. Tanapa

 

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Operation Milagro IV by Sea Shepherd

 Sea Shepherd Operation Milagro IV

Operation Milagro IV

Hence even this year we share the Sea Shepherd video. This video explains the Operation Milagro. It is a campaign against the poaching in Mexico’s Sea of Cortes.

For the fourth consecutive year, Sea Shepherd is in the forefront. The battle against of illegal fishing is on.  For to understand the dimension of the issue is necessary some numbers.

Over the past three years, Sea Shepherd has made lots of progress in the Gulf of California. During Operation Milagro III alone, Sea Shepherd removed 233 illegal fishing gear. 1195 entangled dead animals. Including shark, dolphins, whales, turtles and sea lions – and released 795 live ones.

Five dead vaquitas were discovered by Sea Shepherd during this campaign. Their deaths were because of being caught in gillnets set up by poachers. ( source Sea Shepherd )

The incredible misfortune of vaquita

Like the video shows the gillnets beyond to be illegal capture and kill a lot of fish and mammals. Someone of this fish, thank the activist’s effort can be safe. But why all this indiscriminate fishing?

Just because the human is crazy as usual. There is a big fish and the name is Totoba, it is a bass. The swim bladder of totoba has his market in China as traditional medicine!! The swim bladder will go on the black market in China. It is known as aquatic cocaine.

So the poachers use nets for to capture totoba. But in the same net will die vaquita and many other aquatic animals.

 

Sea Shepherd and Mexican Government

It is a very hard challenge. It is possible just because the joined effort between Sea Shepherd activist and the Mexican government. The operations are very risky. Because the actors involved are local fisherman poachers, criminal organizations, and sometimes even drug traffickers.

In the operations, once they localize a boat of illegal fisherman they call the navy. The operation is difficult and the risk is very high. Around two months ago a drone has been shot down by the poachers.

Most noteworthy all the Sea Shepherd operations are in collaboration with the local Authorities.

In conclusion, will follow operation Milagro IV. We love the totoba and vaquita and we want to support Sea Shephard in Operation Milagro.

If even you want to help Sea Shepherd you need to know you don’t need to become “Pirate”. The guys of sea shepherd are fantastic and they do an incredible job.

You can help just with a donation, it is an important contribution. You can donate on their official site, Sea Shepherd.

 

The wild blog.

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The Great Migration Of Wildebeests Tanzania

The Great Migration Of Wildebeests In Tanzania

The Great Migration.

Great migration

What is the Great Migration of wildebeests?

In this post, we will see better what is the Great Migration of Wildebeests.
Meanwhile, we begin by saying that Great Migration does not only belong to the Serengeti but also to the entire Serengeti-Masai Mara-Ngorongoro Ecosystem.

A very large area that affects an unprecedented number of between 1.5 and 2 million animals. Of which no less than three hundred thousand are gazelles and especially zebras.

Sometimes it is imagined of a large compact herd that moves. In fact, it is not so, many small herds that can contain as many as eighty heads but the vast majority is much smaller.

These herds travel together and occupy the same territories. Then they move slowly forming sifting columns of animals that give the landscape a really unusual appearance. However, especially in the period of the birth of the little ones, the herds are less divided and form gathering at eye loss.

Start of the Great Migration

We said of the birth of the Wildebeests which is the baseline for the survival of the herd. They are born almost altogether in a period of 15/20 days which is generally in February and are about 500,000 calves.

There is no time to waste, the little ones born in a few minutes have to stand and move independently and within two-three days they have to run fast. Their survival depends only on this.

The atavistic instinct leads the mothers to give birth to all together. At least eighty percent of the babies are born in these 2 or 3 weeks. This strategy makes predatory raptors, such as lions, leopards, cheetahs, hyenas and wild dogs fail to affect the size of the herd. In this way succeeds in maintaining a balance between the number of born and surviving animals and the number of dead animals during the year.

Move from Lake Ndutu area

The life of the Wildebeests is an eternal journey in eternal migration. The birth of the Wildebeests has a precise place where it is held and are around the lake Ndutu in the south of the Serengeti.

When the little ones are born the savannah grass is now completely eaten in the area. The lack of rain makes it necessary to move the herd that begins its slow ascent to the north.

Towards May we find the herds near and around the Western Corridor, where they will cross the Grumeti River.

From Serengeti to Masai Mara

After the Grumeti area, most of them slowly move to Kenya. They will cross the Mara River. In June you can see the first Mara crossing, but there is no fixed rule. In recent years it has arrived even at the ending of July.

However, once in Kenya, the animals spread to a vast area that goes far beyond the Masai Mara boundaries. Long times ago it reached Narok city about sixty miles from Masai Mara National Reserve.

It is time to go back

Since the end of August, the movements carry the herds to gather again near the Mara River. In the spreading order begins the river crossing to return to the Serengeti.

The crossing of the Mara River is certainly to be considered the most spectacular and cruel moment of the Great Migration. The divided herds approaching the river attracted by an irresistible instinct.
One sees clearly observing them in their approach who are aware of being in front of a great danger.
Often they spend hours if not days before the herd decides to dive into the river.

The Mara River is infested with Nile crocodiles waiting to attack their prey. For Mara crocodile, the migration is a real fortune, so much food with little effort.
But is not finish, on the opposite shore, there will certainly be a few lions pending. In particular of some wounded or exhausted animal from the crossing.

Go back to Tanzania

Finally, they are back in Tanzania and the Great Migration goes south but this time on the side of Ngorongoro and Ngorongoro Conservation Area.
So, slowly with the African rhythms will find in January- February to give birth to the newborns in the south of Serengeti, where the cycle repeats itself.

Official site of the National Parks Authority Tanapa

 

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