White shark is the scare of the seas?

White shark

The great white shark is the scare of the seas?

The great white shark

IUCN VU
IUCN red list classification as vulnerable

Scientific Name: Carcharodon carcharias
English name: Great white shark
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Order: Lamniformes
Family: Lamnidae
Link to Red List page: The great white shark in the red list 

Habitat:

His habitat is the seas and oceans, he can live in open ocean like along the coasts. He loves to stay on the surface to 200 mt depths, in the epipelagic zone, furthermore in some cases can go deep up 1200 mt.
He prefers water temperature between 12 to 24 Celsius degrees.

Dimensions:

the great white shark dimensions, maybe are most noteworthy discussion theme. Everyone accept the average for males of around six mt lengths and 5 mt. for females. The issue is to determine the max length. The difference from scientific measurements to the fisherman legends is huge. Also, scientists say is acceptable to talk about 7 mt max and legends tell about 12 mt or more. According to the scientists’ theory is very difficult the shark have that dimensions. We need to considerate even the brutal fishing at the sharks and consequently the endangered risk. Is actually in the red list of IUCN like Vulnerable. So the scientists say is almost impossible to meet sharks oversize.

Where to find:

White shark is everywhere in the seas, the only regions where they are not present are the Arctic and Antarctic regions. Another place is the Baltic sea and the black sea. He prefers areas where there is an abundance of preys like seals or penguins.

Great white sharkLifestyle:

Never a fish was studied, filmed and feared like the great white shark. Spectacular animal and extremely wild, no one predator in the sea can compete with him. Just on rare occasions, the killer whale can kill him.

In the mouth, he has many rows of teeth, the shape and the disposed of it is for to block, kill and especially in case of big preys to tear the meat and eat in the second moment.
Is famous as a Hollywood star, and he is a star, Steven Spielberg in the 1975 direct Jaws. Consequently, the success of the thriller the folks start to think the great white shark is a killer, a sea monster.

dangerousness:

Is the great white shark really dangerous for humans? statistics show no. Compared with other issues like lightning, people killed by dogs or maybe a heart attack. To use these statistics maybe is not correct, and yes is true, if we compare like a simple number you can think is no danger. But you can say the same if I introduce the exposition time in the comparison? I want to say, with the heart attack risk I’m exposed in all my life but the risk to be attacked by a shark is only if I go swimming in his environment. I think is better to make some considerations, is better to ask why the shark, attack the human? and there is not a simple answer.

In the case of surfers is common think is because from below the surface the surfer appears at the shark like a prey, like a seal for example. In many other cases is not possible to think that. And the real cause of the attack is not clear.
So we think the great white is danger and is better to take care if you need to interact with him.

Major risk:

So as usual, the major risk is by the human, The Chinese consider the shark fin soup, a precious food. So the request of the shark fins is high and will be higher because the lifestyle is growing.

The white shark is caught even for teeth and also for sports fishing. Another problem is the fishing nets like for tuna fish where the sharks can be jailed. In IUCN is listed as Vulnerable, but there is controversial about the correct estimate. One issue is that it was considered nonmigratory but after recent studies, it was discovered is migratory. So is probably the estimate have counted even more then one time the same specimen. Finally, it is urgent to understand the real situation of the species.

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Lynx an elegant wild cat of the forests

Lynx

Lynx an elegant wild cat

IUCN LC
IUCN red list classification as Least Concern

Scientific Name: Lynx lynx

English name: Lynx

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Carnivora

Family: Felidae

Link to Red List page: lynx red list

Habitat:

Lynx inhabits forests up to high quote, is a cat of mountains.

Dimensions:

The biggest is the Eurasian lynx and she have a weighs in a range between 18 and 31 kg. She is 80 up to 130 cm length and the high at the shoulder is between 70 to 80 cm. Is a big wild cat and is even very pretty. She has a beautifully spotted mantle and the ears have at the top a tuft of hair like caracal.

Where to find:

Is possible to find in Asia North and Central Europe, North America. She’s divided into 4 subspecies so in Europe there is the Eurasian Lynx in North America there is the Canadian Lynx

LynxLifestyle:

She is a very good hunter, she catches all animals small and medium size. And sometimes in extreme cases, she hunts even moose or reindeer but with a huge risk for his safety.

In her diet, there is hares, rabbits, marmots, squirrels, dormice, other rodents, grouse, red foxes, wild boar, chamois, young moose, roe deer, red deer, reindeer.

The attack is ambush based, she waits for the twilight and she hides close her prey. When she’s at the correct distance she starts the attack and she tries to kill immediately the prey. She doesn’t leave the prey to go because she’s not structured for running.

She is very similar to the leopard, she’s solitary lifestyle and even hunting she do solitary. Her importance in the ecosystem is huge. She kills specimens diseased or old so she contributes to maintaining the ecosystem more strong. A strange thing is the discovery of the famous way of saying Eye of lynx is incorrect. His eyes are not particularly strong like instead the hears, a sense very developed. Did you know? she can live up to 10/15 years free and 20 in captivity.

A beautiful mating battle, keep the audio on, please!

Major risk:

In the Eurasian, Canadian bobcat is classified Last Concern, just the Iberian lynx is classified Endangered. Anyway, the conservation programs actually have his impact and in the lasts years. The number is increasing three times. That is not meaning now is ok because in absolute numbers terms we talking about from 50 to 150 specimens. So the way is long again but there is hope. The Major risk is just the human activities. In the past, she was extinct in many areas because of his beautiful mantle. And the attitude to predate the livestock, but actually, in general, the population is well maintained.

African Buffalo the Black Death

Cape Buffalo
IUCN LC
IUCN red list classification as Least concern

African Buffalo the Black Death

Scientific Name: Syncerus caffer
English name: African buffalo
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Cetartiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Link to Red List page: African Buffalo red list 

Habitat:

African savanna and small bush

Dimensions:

African buffalo can be high at shoulder up to 1.8 mt and body length can be up to 3.4 mt, He can weight between 500 to 800 kg normally, but some specimen arrive easily at 1000 kg.

Where to find:

He is present in all sub-Saharan Africa

African Buffalo

 

Lifestyle:

he is an animal strong, big and powerful and very very aggressive. He is considerate one of the most aggressive and in some places is called “Black Death”. Buffaloes are vegetarian and he grazes all the day in the herd. This herd can be even of 700 specimens.

Usually, males stay alone and they meet female only for melting. Female stay in a herd with calves and sometimes with the presence of some males.

Buffalo is not considered a lot because his large presence, but from the locals is feared. When a buffalo or herd of buffalo move close the villages, immediately there is the alarm. Nothing happens but everybody knows there is the buffalo.

Buffalo attack

People from rural villages have many possibilities to meet buffalo because they share the same environment. Buffalo love water and mud. People go to the water with their livestock. Ladies go to the river for wash clothes and carry water to the village, so the risk is ever high.

Usually, when a buffalo kill someone the locals’ hunters kill him with their traditional weapons like spears and knife. They hit him with the spears so the buffalo will move slowly because of the injuries. And then from behind, they cut the tendons of the back legs, after that the buffalo fall down and they finish him.

It is not simple to kill a buffalo without large shotgun but the brave locals they do. Masai says if you are attacked by buffalo you can do one thing only. You must to stretch out on the ground and wait. The buffalo horns are curved a lot and he will try to stick with the horns but he cants. All depend even if your dress is not very large and if you are lucky. Anyway, I think you are passing the worst moment of your life!!

Major risk:

He is hunted by lions and he can be killed by local for revenge when he attacks or worse he kills someone. So human interaction is the major risk. Some specimens when are old they go to graze solitary and they are even more aggressive than the others. The solitary is not simple to recognize, especially in the small bush where they graze sometimes for to hide from the lions. Sometimes locals cross the small bush where is difficult to see well and they meet the buffalo very close. So he attacks immediately and probably he kill the human.

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