Bengal Tiger India's National Animal

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Bengal Tiger India’s National Animal

Bengal Tiger India’s National Animal

IUCN EN
IUCN red list classification as endangered

Scientific Name: Panthera Tigris tigris
English name:  Bengal tiger
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Link to Red List page: Not available

Where to find:

In India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan there are many National Parks and reserves. The Bengal tigers are confined into this protected areas. So is present in almost all of the original lands but just in protected areas.

Habitat:

The habitat of Bengal tiger is very diversified. She likes the forest and she lives in some different kind of forests tropical and subtropical. In the past, she inhabits even grassland and forests near the rivers. Now the human anthropization has compromised that habitat.

Dimensions:

Bengala’ tiger male is measure between 270 to 310 cm tail included. The female can be between 180 to 260 cm length. The weight is on average between 180 to 258 kg. For the female, the average is between 100 to 160 kg.

Lifestyle:

Bengala Tiger
Bengal Tiger By Hema RawalOwn work, CC BY-SA 4.0, Link

The Bengal tiger is with the Siberian tiger the biggest cat of the earth. She is an alpha animal so she doesn’t have a natural enemy ( apart from the humans). The Bengal tiger is strong and powerful and at the same time discrete and shy.

She moves slowly in the night inside the forest. Is the night the moment of the hunting for the Bengal tiger. She is a very good hunter.

The killing style of the tiger it will depend on the prey dimension. When the prey is big her killing technic is the same of lions. She bites the victims on the neck. The death will come by suffocation.

When the prey is small she prefers to jump on it and break the backbone. Considerate that she is a good jumper, so the prey under surprise attack doesn’t have time to defense.

The Bengal tiger gives birth to 1 to 4 cubs. After some months the start to join the mother in the hunting. And after two or three years they start to move from mom but will be a slow separation. When the young find their new territory they will establish there. Will be the ultimate separation from the mother.

There is no doubt, the Bengal tiger is absolutely beautiful. The color of the coats is from yellow to orange with black strips. The belly is generally white. Did you know? some tigers are white with black strips. This is not albinism it just a mutation of the original color.

Major Threats:

The human/animal conflict in India is a very big problem. It is coming from the large population by the human of the territory shared with tigers. In the last century, tigers were moved in areas too close humans. Tiger appears different to the lions if lion attack human is never for eat. It is just defense of territory and pride. Tiger considers the human a prey. So in the past century, the number of man-eaters is grown.

This dangerous conflict has pushed the authority to encourage the tigers killing. The result was devasting for the tiger population.

Poaching as everywhere adds more difficult to her population.

So in a very complex society and territory as the Indian country, will be necessary a special effort. This effort need pass through the involving of communities, politics and scientist community. Just if will be a synergic effort will be possible to have significant results.

 


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