The big five in Africa
The term “big five” is meaning the five animals more aggressive. The origin is from colonial age, where the first safari hunters called big five. They are the five animals more aggressive and so more difficult to hunt.
Actually, the term big five have large use in the photographic safari marketing. Safari company use this term for to specify that their programs includes the sigh of this animals. In fact to go in Africa for example in Serengeti or Amboseli and don’t go to see the elephant is a no sense. We don’t want to say the big five only deserve to be seen. But you need to include it if you want a complete program.
How to plan the Big Five Safari
So when you will ask for safari quotation don’t forget to ask the possibility to see the big five. Don’t pretend the warranty of viewing because nobody can give you, is wildlife, but ask all information. To see all the big five, over the necessary lucky is necessary time. So if go to visit a park and you will stay one day is almost impossible you will all the big five. But if you stay one week, you have a good safari guide and you are sure the big five are present, the probability of to see them is very high.
If you will visit more parks you can use a different strategy. You can look for any park the animals presents. Basically, with that information, you can decide which park visit. For my experience is better you ask suggestion at the tour operator or local guides. Just they can know the parks situation and real percent of the possibility of watching the different animals.
So which animals are the big five?
Big five – Lion
The king of the forest is absolutely one of the big five, is strong, aggressive, powerful. Lions live in pride where male love doesn’t do anything. He is lazy and he waits for the food from the female hunting. Is a real king, he dominates the pride up to some other male arrive and dominates him. But is even unlucky, in the tradition of Masai tribe the lion is the only animal can be at their level. Masai claims which they are brave and powerful fighters.
So when the Masai boys are ready to be adult must have an exam. They need to go to savanna alone and then they must kill an adult male lion. They need to come back to the village with the lion’s head as proof of the action.
A lot of lions dead for this tradition and just a small number of Masai. Because the human can be wild but not stupid. The hunting is not really by fair means, the young Masai use spear, knife, bow, and arrows. And they are supported by her friends, they are not completely alone.
Fortunately the time pass and the generations of Masai even. So now remain only in remote rural areas this tradition. While in all other areas the killing is substitute with the study of the Masai tradition. Read More about the lion
Big five – Leopard
Another beautiful big cat, his mantle is the dream of a lot of people which think is nice dressing the animals skin. So for many years, it was hunted for the skin. Even now it is but at least there are protection projects. There are even anti poaching units that work for to protect wildlife. Actually, leopard is classified in the IUCN red list Vulnerable.
Read more of leopard
Big five – Buffalo
Is big, a mountain of muscles, can be one ton, he don’t like humans, if he meet you he will attack. He have a nickname is Black Death. When he watches you in his eyes you can read what he think and is not nice.
But buffalo is even intelligent so he doesn’t trust in the his power. He prefers to trust the power of herd. When lion attack, mostly time the other elements of the herd, they help him and for lion is a strong moment. Buffalo with hippo and Nile crocodile is the big human killer .
read more about African buffalo
Big five – Rhino
Rhinoceros in the big five list. He is divided into two subspecies black rhinoceros and white rhinoceros. The white one is again subdivided into Southern and Northern. Unfortunately, in March 2018 we register the death of Sudan, the last white northern rhino. It is meaning that this subspecies is EXTINCT now.
The black one is in a very bad situation, is classification is Critically endangered. Solitary and big but very very aggressive. He doesn’t see well so mostly time he attack something with non sense like a anthill.
Read more about Black Rhinoceros
Big five – Elephant
Is the biggest mammal in the mainland. As a buffalo, he likes to graze in savanna and stay in large herds. In the herds, the female can protect and breed the calves. He is silent he move slowly and no sound is produced from his paws, is amazing for an animal of 6 tons. But when he removes some grass from the ground you hear him a lot. And even when he destroys the trees for to eat.
Even elephant is unlucky, he has two tusks in ivory. Our Chinese friend like to use for to produce traditional objects. Non only China use ivory, even other countries buy ivory, but the major is China.
The African elephant is actually considerate Vulnerable by the IUCN red list. So he need all our help for to remain an icon of Africa continent.
Read More about elephant