Bornean Orangutan The King Of The Trees

Bornean Orangutan an awesome trapezist

Where to find:

The Bornean orangutan inhabits Borneo Island and is native to Asia.

He lives in the rainforests of Borneo Island. He is a special wild animal in a special ecosystem and he lives only there.

In Borneo there are mountains up to 4.000 meters asl, anyway Bornean orangutan live just up to 1.000 meters.


The Bornean orangutan males can weight between 50 to 110 kg and be up to 1.5 meters tall. The females are generally half weight of the males and are up to 1.2 meters tall.


The Bornean orangutan is an awesome great ape. Despite he is a primate his look is very fashion. With his long hairs, he is one of most showy of the Bornean rainforest. His body is particular and it is probably the result of the evolution. He has two very long arms and his hands are prehensile.

The legs compared with the arms are very short and feet are prehensile and very strong. This characteristic makes him a true trapezist. In fact, he passes the major part of the life on trees where he eats, and even sleep.

A special characteristic of the Bornean orangutan is the habit of build every night a comforting nest on the trees.
His diet is composed prevalently of fruits and vegetables. Anyway, occasionally he eats even some worms, bird eggs, or even flowers.

He is a solitary animal and he meets the female just for a mating.
The orangutan is so special because of manual ability. He can reproduce and copy some human activities if you teach. Like all other great apes, they share with humans 97% of the genome.

He is the animals closer to us and be very important to preserve him and his habitat.
Bornean orangutan lives around 40 years average. In captivity, he can live up to 60 years.

Major risk:

Like the other two species of orangutan, he is in critically endangered. It is a shame that us human instead to defend we are destroying this animal. Despite the population is not very very small, it the percentage of decreasing that scary the researchers. Studies say that more than 50% population is lost in the last 40 years. And 2.000/3.000 specimens are killed every year in Indonesian Borneo.

The main reasons for population decreasing are the poaching, the habitat reduction, and the animal’s trade.
So, it is very important to take action to protect the species. Great apes are so important for the ecosystem that is not possible to disregard the problem. Especially when the species are native and they live just in that place, is important to protect. And become important to protect the animals and their habitat both.

Scientific Name: Pongo pygmaeus
English name: Bornean Orangutan
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Hominidae
Link to Red List page: Red list page of Bornean orangutan

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