Sides of a Horn – Inside Poaching War

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The scenery of Sides of a Horn Sides of a Horn is touching the human aspect of the Rhino poaching war. In my lifetime, I’ve spent some years in Africa, and I lived in rural areas. You can’t say “I know Africa” if you didn’t live there together with the local community. It is difficult, one month or maybe six … Read more

Antarctica The Land Of The Broken Dreams

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Comedy Wildlife Photography Awards 2018

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Comedy Wildlife Photography Awards Finalists 2018 Comedy Wildlife Photography Awards is an award born with the finality to help wildlife. This year the finalists are 41 from many countries of the world. It is the third year and the competition is growing. Finality is to help wildlife through conservation. In particular, the competition work connects to Born Free Foundation. Like … Read more

Serengeti lions of Tanzania

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Trekking Peru Cordillera Huayhuash

Trekking Peru Cordillera Huayhuash Trekking Peru Cordillera Huayhuash is probably the best South Americas’ trekking. It is even one of the best worldwide. Trekking Peru Cordillera Huayhuash is good for everyone but with some recommendations. First of all the altitude must be kept in high consideration. The development of the route is long and the altitude is constantly above 4000 mt (13000 … Read more

Funny animals fishing in Alaska

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Brown bear one of biggest carnivore in the earth

Brown bear

Brown bear

IUCN LC
IUCN red list classification as Least Concern

Scientific Name: Ursus arctors
English name: Brown bear – Grizzly bear
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Ursidae
Link to Red List page: Brown Bear red list 

brown bear grizzly bearDimensions:

The brown bear is big, is the biggest carnivore in the world, the dimension is different according to the subspecies, the Grizzly bear is usually between 170 and 280 cm long and tall at the shoulder is between 90 and 150 cm. The weight can be up to 650kg. When he stands up on the rear legs only he can arrive or even pass 3 mt. According to the researchers, the brown bear dimension depends on the food availability, this is the reason because the Kodiak bear is the biggest, he eats primarily salmons and this makes him so big. Another proof is the dimensions reached in captivity where the biggest specimen when has died weighed close to 1100 kg. The dimensions listed up are referred to the male specimen. The female is usually between 20 up to 50% of male.

Habitat:

The Brown bear prefers mountain places and he loves the semi-open place. In the Arctic region, the global warming is creating new areas suitable for brown bear. At the same time is removing areas at the polar bear. In Eurasia, the preferred habitat is the forest.

Where to find:

the 80% of the brown bear population is Alaska, Canada, and Russia. The remaining 20% is fragmented in Europe and other areas near the biggest population.

Lifestyle:

the brown bear is a very wild dangerous animal, its strength is great. Imagine one paw with the front legs can break the backbone of any animal. But is not a serial killer, his attack is classified and any time there is a specific reason. Mostly time is victim’s mistake the origin of the attack. In North America, the 70% of fatalities is by mother defending cubs.

The Alaska Science Center ranks the following as the most likely reasons for bear attacks:
Surprise
Curiosity
Invaded personal space (this includes a mother bear protecting her young)
Predatory intent
Hunting wounded
Carcass defense
Provoked charge
(source wikipedia}
The data above are regarding America’s brown bear. So in many other places, the behavior can be very different. But in any case, when you meet a mother with cubs stay far or die. I want to remark that this simple rule about mother and cubs is valid for any animal species.

The Brown bear don’t have any enemy, is alpha animal in his territory. The only competitor can be in some areas the Siberian tiger, where they share the same territory. Difficult to see fighting by adults of tiger and bear. Usually, if there is attack have as a target the cubs of the competitor.

Brown bear diet

is 80% vegetarian and the remaining 20% is hunting some prey. Just in the case of Kodiak bear, for example, the diet can be hundred % salmons and eggs of salmons. This is the reason because Kodiak bear is the biggest of all subspecies of brown bear. If the brown bear needs to be considered very danger is even true is danger in exceptional cases only. In the most case, he meets humans he leaves; he doesn’t like the human contact. unfortunately, there is the exception like for example in Yellowstone Park. In Yellowstone, the tourists are a lot and they do camping, and the bears are generally waste lovers. So if he feels the food’s smell he starts to search it. They can destroy tents or even cars, better don’t be there.

brown bear kodiak bear Major risk:

two are the big risks for brown bear, the climate changing with the global warming and the human activities. Is generally classified Last Concern by IUCN red list. Anyway some subspecies in some areas are Engendered. In the case of Kodiak bear the situation in particular, the destiny of this bear is cruel, in Kodiak island the hunt is permitted and regulated by ADF&G, every year 496 permits are released in front than request of 4500, fortunately not all the hunters kill a bear, and actually the number of killed is less then 200 per year, but the number is increasing.

We know the local residents collaborate with the authority for the respect of the law. They fight against the poaching in hunting and fishing and this is remarkable. There is no official data regarding the conservation status of the Kodiak bear population. The IUCN classifies the brown bear and not the subspecies. We want to suppose which the population is stable, anyway remain the moral problem. To kill a specimen for to save another specimen is a contradiction in terms. I think children understand better than adults this discrepancy.
As usual, we hope reason and common sense will be used in the future for to protect this beautiful animal with humanity and love.

Jaguar The Biggest America's Cat 

Jaguar The Biggest America’s Cat Jaguar The Biggest America’s Cat Scientific Name:  Panthera onca English name: Jaguar Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Felidae Link to Red List page: Red List Page of Jaguar Habitat: He loves the environment of the forest with rivers. In that environment, he can find more prey and he is safer. However other environments are … Read more

World Wildlife Day 2018 Big Cats: Predators Under Threat

World Wildlife Day 2018 Big cats: predators under threat World Wildlife Day 2018 – Today is the 3rd March, and it is the World Wildlife Day. This day is promoted by the United Nations, probably will become a very important date. And what we hope so, never like now it was clear the importance of the biodiversity. We want to start talking about … Read more

Siberian tiger the queen of big cats

Siberian Tiger or Amur Tiger is the queen of big cats

Siberian Tiger, Amur Tiger

IUCN EN
IUCN red list classification as endangered

Scientific Name: Panthera tigris altaica
English name: Siberian Tiger, Amur Tiger
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Link to Red List page: Siberian tiger in the Red List

The mantle is beautiful and different from the other tiger subspecies. It is lighter shades with dark brown instead of black stripes. The winter coat differs considerably from summer to summer. Both in shape (longer, thick ) and in color (clears up or assumes other shades).

Habitat:

Siberian tiger is beautiful, huge and majestic. And in addiction extremely dangerous. She lives in the taiga and she has just one predator as a competitor, the brown bear.

Siberian Tiger has declared at extinction risk. The causes of population reduction are many.

Dimensions:

Siberian Tiger, like we said, is the biggest cat in the world. Recent studies show her dimension is comparable to the more common Bengal Tiger. The Siberian Tiger is the queen of the cats. She is more than 300 kg and more than 3 meters long. She’s the largest cat on the earth.

Where to find:

Can be found in the south-east of Siberia. She is present in small number.

Siberian Tiger

Lifestyle:

This beautiful cat is solitary and lives caching preys like deer, boar, and roe. Sometimes when is necessary she can catch even small preys. Most of all rabbit or salmons where the river level is low.

In her territory, almost she doesn’t have predators. Moreover, she’s in direct competition with Brown Bear. The power is the same. Anyway, the tiger is more intelligent and agile. In the direct fighting, the tiger is probably the winner.

Tiger doesn’t kill the bear just for competition. She kills and devours him.

The Siberian tiger is very dangerous. However, usually, she doesn’t attack humans. The human attack is mostly time because of bad human behavior. In few cases a tiger killed human and she had strange behaviors. It has been noticed which after the attack the tiger has tried to kill other humans. So the researcher says, is probably because tasted the human meet they discover is good food.

In this article is wrote, “Tiger’s legs are so powerful that they can remain standing even when dead”. I don’t know if this is true because the reasons for muscles block can be more. but one thing is sure, she’s very strong and an incredible wild killer.

Major risk:

The Siberian tiger is classified endangered in the Red List IUCN. The main reasons are most of all the poaching and anthropization of the territory. The Siberian tiger is hunted because of his bones. Especially the Chinese traditional medicine where the bones are believed healing.

The anthropization of the territory is a sad reality almost everywhere. This is because of the deforestation. Most noteworthy is the act of China Government that declare illegal the tigers hunting in 1993.

Another issue is the lowest number of ungulates in the area. This is because of most of all the deforestation and furthermore the high pressure of hunting.

In conclusion, Siberian tiger is a precious gift. Mother nature gave us and we need to protect her.

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