Siberian tiger the queen of big cats

The Siberian Tiger

Siberian Tiger or Amur Tiger is the queen of big cats

Siberian Tiger, Amur Tiger

Scientific Name: Panthera tigris altaica
English name: Siberian Tiger, Amur Tiger
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Link to Red List page: the Siberian tiger in the Red List

The mantle is beautiful and different from the other tiger subspecies. It is lighter shades with dark brown instead of black stripes. The winter coat differs considerably from summer to summer. Both in shape (longer, thick ) and in color (clears up or assumes other shades).

Habitat:

Siberian tiger is beautiful, huge and majestic. And in addiction extremely dangerous. She lives in the taiga and she has just one predator as a competitor, the brown bear.

Siberian Tiger has declared at extinction risk. The causes of population reduction are many.

Dimensions:

Siberian TigerSiberian Tiger, as we said, is the biggest cat in the world. Recent studies show her dimension is comparable to the more common Bengal Tiger. The Siberian Tiger is the queen of the cats. She is more than 300 kg and more than 3 meters long. She’s the largest cat on the earth.

Where to find:

Can be found in the south-east of Siberia. She is present in small number.

Lifestyle:

This beautiful cat is solitary and lives caching preys like deer, boar, and roe. Sometimes when is necessary she can catch even small preys. Most of all rabbit or salmons where the river level is low.

In her territory, almost she doesn’t have predators. Moreover, she’s in direct competition with Brown Bear. The power is the same. Anyway, the tiger is more intelligent and agile. In direct fighting, the tiger is probably the winner.

Tiger doesn’t kill the bear just for the competition. She kills and devours him.

The Siberian tiger is very dangerous. However, usually, she doesn’t attack humans. The human attack is mostly time because of bad human behavior. In few cases a tiger killed human and she had strange behaviors. It has been noticed which after the attack the tiger has tried to kill other humans. So the researcher says, is probably because tasted the human meet they discover is good food.

In this article is wrote, “Tiger’s legs are so powerful that they can remain standing even when dead”. I don’t know if this is true because the reasons for muscles block can be more. but one thing is sure, she’s very strong and an incredible wild killer.

Major risk:

The Siberian tiger is classified endangered in the Red List IUCN. The main reasons are most of all the poaching and anthropization of the territory. The Siberian tiger is hunted because of his bones. Especially the Chinese traditional medicine where the bones are believed healing.

The anthropization of the territory is a sad reality almost everywhere. This is because of deforestation. Most noteworthy is the act of China Government that declare illegal tigers hunting in 1993.

Another issue is the lowest number of ungulates in the area. This is because most of all the deforestation and furthermore the high pressure of hunting.

In conclusion, the Siberian tiger is a precious gift. Mother nature gave us and we need to protect.

Polar Bear Built For The Kill

Polar bear

Polar Bear Built For The Kill

Polar bear along with the Kodiak bear is the largest carnivorous mammal on the mainland. Its white mantle makes it look almost docile and sweet. It is just an illusion, the polar bear is a real war machine. Weighing between 400 and 700 kg on average, the largest recorded specimen was just over 1000 kg and 3.3 meters long. Try to imagine then standing up as it often does on the hind legs. You will find that you are faced with an animal more than 3 meters high, a true giant.

Females

are about half in general apart when they are pregnant and can even weigh up to 500 kg. The thick white hair protects it from the polar cold but is especially the fat that makes it a real insulator. It is a great swimmer and the front paws are semi-palmed. One curious thing is that females despite the giant mole put two puppies at a time in the world and weighing less than a kilogram.

Polar bear

is present in five countries, Greenland, Canada, Alaska, Russia, and Norway. Although we face a vast territory, the population of polar bears is estimated to be only about 20 / 25,000 heads, of which 60% permanent in Canada. It feels like seals but feeds on all kinds of birds, foxes, reindeer, and even invertebrates. But to deserve the name of a War Machine. Must be said that he also eats whales carcasses,  also kills the Beluga and the Narvals that comfortably reach 1000 kg of weight.

Hunting

he hunts the seals by preparing an ambush, hears the seals swimming under the ice. He hangs close to an opening until when the seal emerges to breathe. Then kills it with a paw. Sometimes, however, a bear found a prey underwater. Digs a hole in the ice and flips it in to hunt the swarm to swim.

Unfortunately, these bears are high-risk armies because of climate change. Polar ice caps are in full swing, so the polar bears have less hunting territory and less food. More and more frequent sightings are also in polar towns. Polar Bears are present and ragged waste left by humans. This proximity to humans is still very dangerous and often bears are hunted and killed to avoid problems.

Polar Bear attitude

It should be noted that the polar bear’s hair is white but semi-transparent and empty inside. This gives it a distinctive white color that is dirty. The purpose of the hair is to make the first barrier insulating from the cold. We need to remember that he lives in a zone where -50 of temperature is normal. The second is the skin color that is black and therefore does not absorb the sun’s rays and the third layer of fat.

Needless to say, it would be desirable from governments that are most responsive to global warming, to have a visionary plan for the environment. To make Polar bears naturally recover, but above all to cause the man to find a less compromised and dangerous habitat than which we are going to meet.

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Brown bear one of biggest carnivore in the earth

Brown bear

Brown bear

IUCN LC
IUCN red list classification as Least Concern

Scientific Name: Ursus arctors
English name: Brown bear – Grizzly bear
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Ursidae
Link to Red List page: Brown Bear red list 

brown bear grizzly bearDimensions:

The brown bear is big, is the biggest carnivore in the world, the dimension is different according to the subspecies, the Grizzly bear is usually between 170 and 280 cm long and tall at the shoulder is between 90 and 150 cm. The weight can be up to 650kg. When he stands up on the rear legs only he can arrive or even pass 3 mt. According to the researchers, the brown bear dimension depends on the food availability, this is the reason because the Kodiak bear is the biggest, he eats primarily salmons and this makes him so big. Another proof is the dimensions reached in captivity where the biggest specimen when has died weighed close to 1100 kg. The dimensions listed up are referred to the male specimen. The female is usually between 20 up to 50% of male.

Habitat:

The Brown bear prefers mountain places and he loves the semi-open place. In the Arctic region, the global warming is creating new areas suitable for brown bear. At the same time is removing areas at the polar bear. In Eurasia, the preferred habitat is the forest.

Where to find:

the 80% of the brown bear population is Alaska, Canada, and Russia. The remaining 20% is fragmented in Europe and other areas near the biggest population.

Lifestyle:

the brown bear is a very wild dangerous animal, its strength is great. Imagine one paw with the front legs can break the backbone of any animal. But is not a serial killer, his attack is classified and any time there is a specific reason. Mostly time is victim’s mistake the origin of the attack. In North America, the 70% of fatalities is by mother defending cubs.

The Alaska Science Center ranks the following as the most likely reasons for bear attacks:
Surprise
Curiosity
Invaded personal space (this includes a mother bear protecting her young)
Predatory intent
Hunting wounded
Carcass defense
Provoked charge
(source wikipedia}
The data above are regarding America’s brown bear. So in many other places, the behavior can be very different. But in any case, when you meet a mother with cubs stay far or die. I want to remark that this simple rule about mother and cubs is valid for any animal species.

The Brown bear don’t have any enemy, is alpha animal in his territory. The only competitor can be in some areas the Siberian tiger, where they share the same territory. Difficult to see fighting by adults of tiger and bear. Usually, if there is attack have as a target the cubs of the competitor.

Brown bear diet

is 80% vegetarian and the remaining 20% is hunting some prey. Just in the case of Kodiak bear, for example, the diet can be hundred % salmons and eggs of salmons. This is the reason because Kodiak bear is the biggest of all subspecies of brown bear. If the brown bear needs to be considered very danger is even true is danger in exceptional cases only. In the most case, he meets humans he leaves; he doesn’t like the human contact. unfortunately, there is the exception like for example in Yellowstone Park. In Yellowstone, the tourists are a lot and they do camping, and the bears are generally waste lovers. So if he feels the food’s smell he starts to search it. They can destroy tents or even cars, better don’t be there.

brown bear kodiak bear Major risk:

two are the big risks for brown bear, the climate changing with the global warming and the human activities. Is generally classified Last Concern by IUCN red list. Anyway some subspecies in some areas are Engendered. In the case of Kodiak bear the situation in particular, the destiny of this bear is cruel, in Kodiak island the hunt is permitted and regulated by ADF&G, every year 496 permits are released in front than request of 4500, fortunately not all the hunters kill a bear, and actually the number of killed is less then 200 per year, but the number is increasing.

We know the local residents collaborate with the authority for the respect of the law. They fight against the poaching in hunting and fishing and this is remarkable. There is no official data regarding the conservation status of the Kodiak bear population. The IUCN classifies the brown bear and not the subspecies. We want to suppose which the population is stable, anyway remain the moral problem. To kill a specimen for to save another specimen is a contradiction in terms. I think children understand better than adults this discrepancy.
As usual, we hope reason and common sense will be used in the future for to protect this beautiful animal with humanity and love.

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