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Discover the Yellowstone wolves

Discover Yellowstone gray wolves

The Yellowstone wolves general information

Yellowstone wolves are the most famous wolves packs in the world. They live in the Yellowstone National Park and his history is fascinating.
Wolf is the animal more studied in the wildlife, anyway, we know just a small part of his life and behavior. Actually, there are 11 packs in the park and they are under Act protection.
But why this packs became so famous? Understanding this is necessary to go back to the ending of the 19th century and is better to fix the milestone of the Yellowstone wolves.

1872 Creation of Yellowstone National Park.
1872-1926 progressive decline of gray wolf population by hunting.
1926 gray wolf declared extinct by the scientific community.
1926-1973 progressive grows of efforts by park managers, biologists, conservationists and environmentalists to reintroduce the gray wolf in the park.
1973 Endangered Species Act is active.
1995 first gray wolves are reintroduced in Yellowstone in a number of 14 wolves moved from Canada.
1996 in January other 17 wolves were free in Yellowstone.
2016 11 packs are presents in Yellowstone and 108 wolves.

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Yellowstone wolves
one of the packs of Yellowstone wolves moving in the snow

Yellowstone the beginning

When they decide to constitute the park the protection of wild animals and especially the big predators was not a priority. So progressively the hunters which mostly time was even livestock owners or hunters guide, have extirpated the whole population of gray wolves.
After the gray wolves extinction, nature gave his answer, the elk population had grown up without control and in small years the condition of the forest became very bad. The whole ecosystem was in bad condition, the number of coyotes had grown up in an incredible number.

 

More decades before the best solution

The park Management decide to kill a significant number of elk but the result has been not good. So years passing and many voices from scientist community start to press for the reintroduction of wolves supported by many studies.
In 1995 finally, the reintroduction of gray wolves start and fortunately the program not stopped up now.

Yellowstone wolves, the reintroduction of gray wolves

The reintroduction starts in 1995 with the transfer from Canada of 14 specimens. The reintroduction of Yellowstone wolves follows with the transfer of other 17 specimens. A total of 31 animals was in Yellowstone and nobody at that time can imagine which impact can have on the ecosystem.
In a few years, the number of Yellowstone wolves grow up to considerate the optimal number of the area. Actually there are 11 packs with 108 animals.

Effects of the reintroduction

After few years the effect of wolves reintroduction was very clear in the eyes of the scientist. The population of elk appears in good number because of the animals killed by wolves the elk population prefer to stay far from wolves. The effect is the trophic cascade and was beyond any scientist expectation. The regulation of a number of elk and coyote leave the road open to the return of beavers and many rodents.
Nobody can imagine this before, just a single predator presence can have the effect on an entire ecosystem and landscape.[wp_bannerize group=”inarticle”]

Actual situation In Yellowstone and nearby areas

If the situation inside the park is definitely good, the areas outside have more problems. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service changed the status of the Yellowstone wolves from Endangered to Experimental Population-Non Essential.
The result of this was the hunting permits in the area nearby Yellowstone. But the wolf is free and from the park, they move out where they meet the hunters ready to satisfy their thirst for the trophy.
Is this the case of many wolves became a trophy, including two of the more famous in the world.

When the hunters kill the Yellowstone wolves stars

Is 2012, a female gray wolf ‘06’ don’t survive at the meeting outside the park of a hunter. She was a star in a wolves community because she was strong, brave and clever. In her life, she resolves many difficult situations, where usually another specimen don’t survive or he come back to the original pack. Her ability to move through the dangers made her famous but she had another special characteristic. She was able to kill an elk alone. Normally the elk dies under attack of the pack or at least 4/5 elements.
In 2016 the famous white wolf, which was one of the main attraction in the park, arrive at the doctor in bad condition. He will die by euthanasia because of the gravity of injuries.

Yellowstone wolves
Yellowstone wolves, rare white wolf

Which future for Yellowstone wolves?

A question very important but without a simple answer. The lesson came from Yellowstone wolves reintroduction in Yellowstone is big, but big is even the interest of hunters, farmers and hunters guides. There is much pressure for to permit the wolf killing industry, and everything is in the hands of politicians. This is enough for to worry, the consequence of stopping the protection will be huge.

Apart from the problem of the ecosystem, even all the long-term studies regarding the life of wolves will no longer be useful.

How to help the wolves of Yellowstone

Recently British Columbia has banned the bear’s trophy hunting, they decide to promote the wildlife watching tourism. This Act opens the road to other countries follow this choice. The same strategy can be good for Yellowstone wolves watching. When you promote correctly a specialized offer regarding this kind of tourism, the results are very good. , The global impact of the choice needs to add in the evaluations.
People worry about climate changing, even if some politician try to minimize the reality, people are not stupid and they see with their eyes the global warming effects. So the people become more sensitive to the ecological issues and they are attracting from wildlife. The wildlife tourism is growing and is very positive. Last consideration is about the international reputation of places or countries. If you ban the trophy hunting your reputation will grow, there is no doubt in this.

How to do when you go without guide in wolf presence area

First thing is to remember, the wolf, like all the predators, is a potential danger to humans. Sometimes we read that human is not considerate a prey, is true but not every time!! Another important consideration is about the situations out of your control.
Can happen for example if you meet the wolf in a short distance from you? are you ready to have a correct behavior in this case? Do you think you have enough self-control? Do you think you have enough experience?[wp_bannerize group=”inarticle”]

The guidelines suggested by the Park Authority

Bad practice is to give food to the wild animals, this behavior is very bad and creates many issues to wolf and humans. As reported on the park internet site, 8 wolves became human-friendly and 2 of them was necessary to kill.

Keep food and garbage safely. Personally, I can add this: don’t keep your food or garbage if you sleep in the tent, is a good behavior to eat in one place and sleep in another.
Don’t approach the wolf.
If you have children just to stay absolutely under your eyes.
To see a wolf too friendly, better to stop and observe his behavior, in case he approaches, is better to discourage him, put up your arms and shake it, do noise like yell and if is not enough use the bear pepper spray.
When you have dogs with you, please keep close to you and keep it leashed.

Yellowstone wolves
Yellowstone wolves pack hunting buffalo

How to help Yellowstone ecosystem and gray wolf with tourism

Finally, we can say the better way to help the gray wolf and the Great Yellowstone Ecosystem is to visit the park. Our suggestion especially if you are not very expert is to hire a guide. The reason is at least two, a passionate guide can teach you about wolf better than 100 books. Second, using guides you increment the value of the tourism for the ecosystem and that permit at the scientists and environmental associations to have more power in the battle of biodiversity protection.

Where to stay during Yellowstone national park vacation

There is a good offer of Yellowstone national park vacation, especially west Yellowstone lodging is high. Other possibilities are in Wapiti, Teton Village, Dubois, Cook City, Moran and Colter Bay Village.
Over the lodging is possible to go in camping and is the better choice if you want to stay close the nature. Camping in wildlands is an unparalleled experience, remember the suggestions above.
Visit the official site of the Yellowstone National Park and watch the Yellowstone wolves and, why not, also the Brown bears.

Please comment on your experience or what you think about Yellowstone wolves

Polar Bear Built For The Kill

Polar Bear Built For The Kill -Polar Bears

Polar Bear Built For The Kill

Polar bear along with the Kodiak bear is the largest carnivorous mammal on the mainland. Its white mantle makes it look almost docile and sweet. It is just an illusion, the polar bear is a real war machine. Weighing between 400 and 700 kg on average, the largest recorded specimen was just over 1000 kg and 3.3 meters long. Try to imagine then standing up as it often does on the hind legs. You will find that you are faced with an animal more then 3 meters high, a true giant.

Females

are about half in general apart when they are pregnant and can even weigh up to 500 kg. The thick white hair protects it from the polar cold but is especially the fat that makes it a real insulator. It is a great swimmer and the front paws are semi-palmed. One curious thing is that females despite the giant mole put two puppies at a time in the world and weighing less than a kilogram.

Polar bear

is present in five countries, Greenland, Canada, Alaska, Russia and Norway. Although we face a vast territory, the population of polar bears is estimated to be only about 20 / 25,000 heads, of which 60% permanent in Canada. It feels like seals, but feeds on all kinds of birds, foxes, reindeer and even invertebrates. But to deserve the name of a War Machine. Must be said that he also eat whales carcasses,  also kills the Beluga and the Narvals that comfortably reach 1000 kg of weight.

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Hunting

he hunts the seals by preparing an ambush, hears the seals swimming under the ice. He hangs close to an opening until when the seal emerges to breathe. Then kills it with a paw. Sometimes however, a bear found a prey underwater. Digs a hole in the ice and flips it in to hunt the swarm to swim.

Unfortunately, these bears are high-risk armies because of climate change. Polar ice caps are in full swing, so the polar bears have less hunting territory and less food. More and more frequent sightings are also in polar towns. Polar Bears are present and ragged waste left by humans. This proximity to humans is still very dangerous and often bear are hunted and killed to avoid problems.

Polar Bear attitude

It should be noted that the polar bear’s hair is white but semi transparent and empty inside. This gives it the distinctive white color that is dirty. The purpose of the hair is to make the first barrier insulating from the cold. We need to remember that he lives in zone where -50 of temperature is normal. The second is the skin color that is black and therefore does not absorb the sun’s rays and the third layer of fat.

Needless to say, it would be desirable from governments that are most responsive of global warming, to have a visionary plan for environment. To make Polar bears naturally recover, but above all to cause man to find a less compromised and dangerous habitat than which we are going to meet.