Elephant the biggest terrestrial animal


IUCN red list classification as vulnerable

Scientific Name:Panthera pardus
English name: Leopard
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
Family: Elephantidae
Link to Red List page: Elephant red list


There are three species of elephants, African bush elephant, African forest elephant and Asian elephant so the habitat is different between the species. Is very adaptable and he can find in savannah, bush, forest, desert and marsh.

African Elephant

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Males weight 6000 kg, and high at the shoulder 3.2 mt, female can weight 3000 kg, and high at the shoulder 2.6 mt.

Where to find

Actually the Elephant is present is presented in all the sub-Saharan area in East Africa, central Africa and South Africa. Then can be find in South and Southeast Asia.


Elephant is the largest living terrestrial animal and is considerate keystone species.
Many are the features of this species, for example his intelligence is compared with that of primate or cetaceans, so is big and even intelligent. His penis is very long and can reach one meter and sometime a little bit more, Elephant is considerate a keystone animal so is impact in the ecosystem is very big. Is aggressive specially if in the herd there are calves. His foot is big and below it work like a shock absorber so when he walk is very difficult to recognize him. Fortunately he do many other noise so is possible to reach his presence by that, like the movement of the gas in the stomach or the typically noise of wood broken if you are in the bush.

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Elephant is not underestimated even from Masai, when from villages they recognize elephant approaching immediately all the people are activated and with big noise and songs they try to divert they from the villages. When the elephant is in the village is too late, before leave he destroy all is possible to destroy, is his nature. Human conflict is high, because high is the impact of this animal in the environment. He kill many people and the reasons are many, anyway we suggest don’t take selfie with African elephants, you cant survive, just with Asian elephants is possible because they are trained mostly with cruel treatment. If an elephant take you, to survive is miracle, even the strategy of pretend to be dead is bad, he will play with you like a ball and don’t remain a lot of you, other system he use for to kill humans is by the trunk, he take you by the prehensile trunk and he makes you fly away but not one time, he go ahead up you are destroyed.
But he need our help, is classified like Vulnerable and will be not simple to stop his decline.
Major risk is the same valid for lion, human conflicts, decline of ecosystem and poaching.

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