Gray Wolf iconic wild animal
Scientific Name: Canis lupus Linnaeus
English name: Gray Wolf
Link to Red List page: Gray Wolf red list
The Gray wolf don’t have a preferred habitat, is present everywhere even in inhospitably lands like the arctic tundra, where the temperature can go very down but the wolf body have a thermoregulator system very efficient. Anyway is possible to find in open plans, mountains, desert, forests and arctic tundra.
very difficult to explain dimension because the wolf have 37 sub species classifieds, and any subspecies have different dimensions, it depend from the latitude of the place where they are, there is rule which say that weight grow with increasing of latitude, so the wolf of north Russia or Alaska are bigger than Middle East wolfs. So just for to give small data we can say the North America wolf can be normally around 40 kg but can arrive up to 56 kg, the biggest specimen recorded was killed in Russia and was 86 kg.
The high at the shoulder is normally around 85/90 cm and length between 100 to 160 cm plus tail.
Where to find: originally present in all the Americas, Europe, Russia, Asia and Middle East, now is present in North America, in Europe is present in some counties or part of this countries, Middle East, Russia and Asia excluded India.
Gray wolf is social wild animal and he live in packs, generally the pack is constituted by an alpha male, a female and two new generation of cubs. Not all the wolf live in pack, sometime they got out from pack because they became adults and they can’t stay more in the pack. before to create their own pack they stay alone, solitary. Opposite of the credence, the wolfs don’t live in packs because is more simple hunting, it was demonstrate the solitary gray wolf is more efficient in hunting of the pack, and he kill even big animals like bison or moose alone.
Any pack have his territory and the dimension is related to the prey density, when the prey are not a lot the territory is smaller then high density prey. Is the wild animal more studied and followed, and is extinction in some areas is because farmers preferred to extirpate him instead to learn to share the territory. In many lands wolf is became a partner of humans and he help to keep regulated the presence of the ungulates for example or the wild boar. He has a large range of preys, starting from hamsters, badgers, weasels, hares up to the great moose or bison.
In the interaction with humans there is the fear to be killed by wolfs, but even if there have been cases of people killed by wolves, this is happened in particular circumstances. In fact the wolf fears humans and is easy to catch him. Different is the case of domestic dog which is see like a competitor so there is good probability can be attacked. Recommendation for all the people live with the wolf presence is to collaborate with scientists and local institutions, to learn and share the habitat with wolfs is really possible and with the help of electrified fences and specialized dogs, the number of the livestock killed will be absolutely contents.
Just the interaction with humans because we share the same environment and the wolf is wild animal and is a great predator. In many places where it was extinct it reintroduced by special projects, like for example in some zones of Italy through the European Community project LIFE WolfAlps. Actually the Gray wolf is classified by IUCN Last Concern so with a minimum risk of extinction but only because of the protection projects and reintroduction projects. As usually we remember the huge importance of the wildlife in the world for to maintain biodiversity and a healthy environment, no wildlife is meaning bad environment with serious impact for humans.