Komodo Dragon and his habitat

Komodo Dragon and his habitat

Komodo Dragon

Scientific Name: Varanus komodoensis
English name: Komodo Dragon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Varanidae
Link to Red List page: Komodo Dragon IUCN Red List

Classified as Vulnerable


We like to talk about this park because of its historical evolution. Since when is born has struck us. It seems emblematic of how environmental and natural sensibility is developing by the institutions as well. As we said, the park was born with the clear intention of safeguarding the Komodo Dragon. The project management has realized after the firsts years. You cannot safeguard a single species without taking into account an important thing. His existence is linked to the existence of other animals species present in the same natural habitat. For example the Komodo deer, which is the main source of food.


The Komodo dragon reaches 80 kg of weight. He can eat up to 80 percent of his weight in one meal. Another source of food is the carcass of the dead animal. He can perceive the smell with his receptors on its tongue up to 5 km away. The Komodo dragon is a true war machine. It is good to protect the Komodo Dragon. He has a relevant impact on the ecosystem.

Where to find:

To know where he lives we talk about a unique natural park in the world. It is small, located in the Indonesian ocean and is made up moreover from a group of islands. Especially relevant, it was born for the preservation of only one species of animal. It is present only in that place and it is at risk of extinction. Did you know what park it is? If you do not understand we tell you, it is Komodo National Park, born in 1980 to preserve the Komodo Dragon.


Black Komodo Dragon
Photo by Frank Saunders Jr

But what animal is this famous dragon of Komodo? It is a lizard, a large lizard that can reach up to three meters in length. In the area where he lives, he has no natural predators. And he is the only real predator. He can attack and kill big sized prey such as buffaloes. He’s a really famed predator and with bad fame.

Cannibalism is the norm for this animal and is also for young dragons. Anyway, there are even cases of man attack.

How does killing the Komodo dragon? His lethal weapon lies in his mouth. In the mouth, there is a mix of 50 different bacterial strains with poison. Smaller predators are attacked and killed right away. While the big ones are simply bitten. Then they are waiting for the bacteria and poison to take effect. Although this process maybe takes days. During this time the dragon follows the prey quietly. He waits until he sees her suffering because of the inflicted bite. Then he finishes it and devours the prey.

Major risk:

Once again, unfortunately, we have to underline how human presence is to determine certain critics in the area. The number of inhabitants has greatly increased. And this puts both land and sea species at risk. On the mainland, because more people require more land that is then removed from wildlife. And by sea, as it is often practiced by immigrant fishermen fishing with dynamite.

In conclusion, of course, we can not forget that more people mean even more pollution, and so this aspect also ends up weighing on the conservation of the Komodo Dragon.

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