Scientific Name:Panthera pardus
English name: Leopard
Link to Red List page: Leopard red list
Leopard is very adaptable and is possible to find everywhere except deserts and mangrove forests. Typically he love savanna but he’ll search places where there are trees.
Males weight is between 40 and 90 kg, and long between 100 and 160 cm, female can weight between 30 and 60 kg, and long between 90 and 130 cm. The tail is between 60 to 90 cm and the shoulder stand between 60 and 70 cm for males and a little bit less for females.
Where to find
Actually the lion is presented in all the sub-Saharan area in East Africa, central Africa and South Africa. Then can be find with other subspecies in Asia, India, China and Midle East.
Leopard is alpha animals, incredible warrior and very aggressive and danger, when his areal is touching the lion’s or tiger’s areal, his behavior change and he stay far from them. Lion and tiger see in leopard a competitor predator and if they find his cabs they kill. Anyway even leopard kill the lion’s or tiger’s cubs so they are in conflict.
Is an animal absolutely solitary and he hunt even solitary, fantastic hunter he approach the prey in total silence up to 5 mt and then he attach and kill by suffocation. Must to be remarked that leopard have the biggest relationship between weight/power in the wild cats world, this characteristic permit him to attach and kill prey more big then him ( and remember is alone in hunting). He can carry on the tree a prey even 150 kg and he can kill even animal up to 900 kg like eland, yes is a super predator.
Like the lion, leopard have a fame of man eater, it has documented many humans attacks, like for the lion, is possible to note that when this animal start to eat human than they will do again, is danger because he don’t do any noise during his normal activity so he can stay in a city and nobody know. In the 1970 in Nairobi it was organize a hunting because the presence of one leopard but during the hunt has been six the leopards captured, imagine the shocking of citizens.
Is classified like Vulnerable and is true if we tal about for example the African subspecies but the situation is very dramatic for other 5 subspecies: Arabian leopard, Amur Leopard, Javan leopard, Sry Lankan leopard and Persian leopard, that are classified endangered or critically endangered ( EN CR).
Major risk is the same valid for lion, human conflicts, decline of ecosystem and poaching, his mantle is beautiful and is loved by some people. In Africa the skin is used even from tribe chiefs in some African countries, they use like hat but in rural areas they can use the complete skin, specially for cerimonies.