Scientific Name: Alces alces
English name: Moose, Elk
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Cetartiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Link to Red List page: Red List page of moose

IUCN red list classification as Least Concern

Where to find:

The distribution of this great animal is in all the sub-polar regions.  Alaska and Canada and the north part of US also are populated by moose. In Europe continent, it is present in Norway, Sweden, Finland, Poland. In Asia, it is present in all subpolar region and Siberia plus China.


The natural habitat is the cold forests of the north. He likes the forest habitat.


The adult moose at the shoulder can reach 210 cm. The male can weigh between 400 to 700 kg, and female can weigh between 200 to 500 kg. The antlers, are majestic and can reach the 200 cm spread.


Moose cow with calves
By BeeblebroxOwn work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

Mose is de biggest of the deer family. He is a natural source of food for all the northern human population. He is a ruminant but his short neck combined with his long legs hampers eating grass. So they prefer the tall grass because it is less difficult to eat. Anyway, other sources of food are the leaves of willows.

Moose group is called herd, moose male is called bull, mode female is called cow, and moose baby is called calf.

When is the mating season the bulls start fighting a cruel battle. They use the antlers but also the big clogs. The winner bull will mate with the cows.

In nature, he has few predators, the main is the Siberian tiger followed by the wolves and bears. Another noteworthy predator is the Puma concolor. At the end the last predator and the more difficult to imagine, the orcas kill him when swim crossing the sea from islands.

In almost all countries where he is present is hunted for the trophy or for food.

Major risk:

The data are a little bit controversy, the general number is increasing but in many places, there are some problems. He is in the Red List of IUCN as Least Concern.

Leave a Comment

I accept the Terms and Conditions and the Privacy Policy