Mountain gorilla – silverback gorilla in the wild

Mountain gorilla – silverback gorilla in the wild

Mountain gorilla – silverback gorilla in the wild

IUCN red list classification as critically endangered

Scientific Name: Gorilla beringei beringei
English name: Mountain gorilla
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Hominidae
Link to Red List page: Mountain gorilla in the red list

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The only habitat of this Gorilla is the mountain forest in an altitude between 2200 and 4300 mt. The forest is the cloud forest, a kind of forest tropical or sub tropical. This forest is permanently in the clouds, from here his name.


The mountain gorilla can reach 190 kg of weight and tall 150 cm. Female are usually the half or a little bit more then male.

Where to find:

According with his small number remaining, is present only in a region located in three countries. Uganda, Rwanda, Republic Democratic of Congo. The parks are The Virunga in RDC, the Volcanoes in Rwanda and Magahinga in Uganda. All together are called Trans National Park.

Mountain gorilla in VirungaLifestyle:

In the imaginary of most of us, mountain gorillas remember the Tarzan’s legend.
Mountain gorilla is one of two subspecies of Eastern gorilla ( gorilla beringei ).
Population is around 880 specimens and is growing. Anyway the 880 is a very low number, so they are listed by IUCN as Critically Endangered, one step from extinction. Remember extinction is forever.


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This gorilla is terrestrial, is one who has better adapted to the terrestrial life. Is quadrupedal, his movement is similar of the Chimps. They live in small groups of around teen animals, in rare cases also can be even of thirty elements. There is a leader, a silverback, it is the name of the adult male. The leader is the strongest of the group and he protect the group from humans or leopard even with his life.

Contrary to common thought, mountain gorilla are pacific and calm. The rarity and also the vulnerability of this animal, are imposed the necessity of regulate the visits by humans. If you are thinking about watching a gorilla group, probably is necessary to book with large advance. The number of tourists admitted per day is fix, so is necessary the advance booking.
Usually we think at the gorilla like the human more similar animal. Did you know? if we look the gorilla aesthetically, the ability with hands and also the clever, we can say that. Therefore now science confirm this sensation with the genome study. Especially relevant the study confirm the genome appear 98% the same of human.

Major risk:

the major risk is poaching connect with region instability. The problem of poaching is the bush-meat, the poachers kill with gun but even with snare. Sometimes especially gorilla cubs are victims of this snares. Also there is even a part of poaching which involve the gorillas for the illegal trade. Another issue is the diseases caused by bacterial carried by humans.

In conclusion even the habitat is a problem. In this specific moment , the good news is the increment of number much as last years. But if we are lucky and the population of Mountain gorilla will grow, they will need to expand their areal. Consequently when the areal around the actual is by human activity , therefore the growing will be impossible.
The restrict area is one of the reason because of inbreeding. So this problem can be solved only with the enlarging of their areal.

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