Russell’s Viper

Scientific Name: Daboia russelii

English name: Russell’s Viper

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Reptilia

Order: Squamata

Family: Vipiridae

Least Concern

Link to Red List page: Red List Page Russell’s Viper 

Where to find:

Russell’s Viper is mainly found in Southeast Asia including Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, China.


Russel’s Viper lives mainly in the plains and hills of Southeast Asia but can also be found in small but not too thick woods. Usually avoid swampy areas


Its average length is about 120 cm but it can go beyond 150/160 cm.

Russell’s Viper Behavior:

Russell’s viper’s behavior is marked by marked laziness, and this is one of the two main reasons why it causes many victims every year in Asia. Russell’s Viper does not move and does not stand out until the victim is very close and at that point biting is an instinctive reaction.

The other reason for such a high mortality is the fact that farmers are used to move barefoot or with minimal footwear and this means that an attack almost always hits. Its poison is composed of toxins with haemotoxic and cytotoxic action and within a few minutes the first serious symptoms begin to manifest. If treated promptly, patients can get along relatively well, but the longer they wait, the greater the risk of death after a period of one day to two weeks. Those who save themselves have a serious risk of permanent damage.

Major risk:

The current risk for the current population of Russell’s vipers is considered low, but certainly the greater human anthropization of the territories over time increases the risks for this important species of snakes. In the following video you can see how a specimen found in an inhabited rural area is captured and shows its peaceful and absolutely lazy nature. Of course, the poison is not very peaceful so be careful if you meet one in your path because even if his poison is not as powerful as the tipan‘s, it is certainly very dangerous.


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