Scientific Name: Diceros bicornis
English name: Black Rhinoceros
Link to Red List page: Black Rhinoceros red list
He lives usually in savanna and tropical bush
A male stands between 150 to 185 cm high at the shoulder. And is between 3.30 to 3.7 in length. The weighs between 1000 and 1600 kg. However, there is a report that describes specimens up 2.800 kg. Female is smaller than the male. The spectacular front horn can be 140 cm length. He has two horns and the material is keratin, the same material of human nails.
Where to find:
Actually is possible find the black rhinoceros in South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Kenya. The species is divided into subspecies so in different countries will be different subspecies.
Like the Elephant, Rhino is very aggressive. He can attack especially for fear and he has bad sight. These two characteristics make him extremely dangerous. It was watched to attack a tree trunk or an anthill. And is not rare the cases where he attacks even jeeps with tourists. Especially if the driver is not qualified or very expert. Another characteristic is the speed. He can run up to 56 km/h. So if you are walking and you meet him, considers that is very aggressive. Probably he’ll attack you and he runs 2 more speedy then you ( I think you are in trouble 🙂 ).
He is a solitary animal, they meet only for mating. Or sometimes the females when having the calves.
Black Rhino female when is receptive will mark dung piles. When the male follows her he will scrape and spread the dung piles. Usually, they stay together 2/3 day but sometimes even weeks. They copulate several times per day and any single copulation is a half hour long. He will birth 15 weeks later.
This beautiful animal is very unlucky. Due to the Chinese and Asian that they think his horn has magic property for to heal diseases. How can be possible if the horn is constituted in keratin? The same material of our nails?? Science and scientists have not found in thousands of research any basis in the Chinese traditional use of rhinoceros horn. So Chinese friends, why don’t eat your ours nails? It is cheapest, you don’t need to go to buy anything. When you remain without you can ask easily to some friends. Or you can borrow theirs and you help the rhino conservation.
The black rhinoceros population is now around 3200 specimens. In the ’90 was below 2500, so we can say there is a little increment of the population. We are happy for this. This increment is because of the job of Govern’s conservation politics. But the special thanks is for the anti-poaching units everywhere in Africa. They risk his life for the conservation of wildlife.