Gray Wolf iconic wild animal
Scientific Name: Canis lupus Linnaeus
English name: Gray wolf
Link to Red List page: Gray Wolf red list
The gray wolf doesn’t have a preferred habitat, is present everywhere even in inhospitable lands like the arctic tundra, where the temperature can go very down but the wolf body has a thermoregulator system very efficient. Anyway is possible to find in open plans, mountains, desert, forests and arctic tundra.
very difficult to explain dimension because the gray wolf has many subspecies classifieds. Any subspecies have different dimensions. It depends on the latitude of the place where they are. There is a rule which says that weight grows with increasing of latitude. So the wolf of north Russia or Alaska is bigger than the Middle East wolfs. We can say the North America wolf can be normally around 40 kg but can arrive up to 56 kg. The biggest specimen recorded was killed in Russia and was 86 kg.
The high at the shoulder is normally around 85/90 cm. And length between 100 to 160 cm plus tail.
Where to find: originally present in all the Americas, Europe, Russia, Asia and the Middle East. Now is present in North America. In Europe is present in some counties or part of this countries, Middle East, Russia and Asia.
Gray wolf is a social wild animal and moreover, he lives in packs. Generally, the pack is constituted by an alpha male, a female and two new generation of cubs. Not all the wolf live in the pack. Sometimes they got out from the pack because they became adults and they can’t stay more in the pack. Before to create their own pack they stay alone, solitary. Opposite of the credence, the wolfs don’t live in packs because is more simple hunting. The solitary gray wolf is more efficient of the pack of wolves in the hunting. And he kills even big animals like bison or moose alone.
Any gray wolf pack has his territory and the dimension is related to the prey density. When the prey is not a lot the territory is smaller then high-density prey. It is the wild animal more studied and followed. And his extinction in some areas It is because farmers preferred to extirpate him. Instead to learn to share the territory. In many lands, the wolf becomes a partner of humans. And he helps to keep regulated the presence of the ungulates for example or the wild boar. He has a large range of preys, starting from hamsters, badgers, weasels, hares up to the great moose or bison.
Human interaction with the gray wolf:
In the interaction with humans, there is the fear to be killed by wolfs. But even if has been cases of people killed by wolves, this happens in particular circumstances. In fact, the wolf fears humans and is easy to catch him. Different is the case of the domestic dog. It is seen as a competitor so there is good probability can be attacked. Recommendation for all the people live with the wolf presence is to collaborate with scientists and local institutions. To learn and share the habitat with wolfs is really possible. And with the help of electrified fences and specialized dogs. The number of the livestock killed will be absolutely low.
Probably just the interaction with humans. Because we share the same environment. The gray wolf is a wild animal and is a great predator. In many places where it was extinct. It has reintroduced by special projects. For example in some zones of Italy through the European Community project LIFE WolfAlps. Actually, the Gray wolf is classified by IUCN Least Concern. So with a minimum risk of extinction. Because of the protection projects and reintroduction projects.
In conclusion, we remember the huge importance of the wildlife in the world. Especially relevant is to maintain biodiversity and a healthy environment. no wildlife is meaning bad environment with serious impact on humans.
MOre about wolves? follow this link Yellowstone wolves.