Spectacled bear a brave climber

Spectacled bear a brave climber in South America

IUCN red list classification as vulnerable

Scientific Name: Tremarctos ornatus
English name: Spectacled bear or Andean bear
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Ursidae
Link to Red List page: Spectacled bear IUCN red list


The preferred habitat of spectacled bear is the humid forest of Sierra. Can be found from 500 to 2.700 mt of altitude, it depends on the latitude location. Rarely but they can have some excursions to the snow limit. In this region usually above 5000 mt. altitudes.


Males can weigh from 110 to 190 kg. The length can between 150 to 200 cm and the shoulder height is between 60 to 90 cm. Female is normally a third less than male. This species is smaller than other bear species. Especially if you compare with Polar, grizzly or Kodiak bears.

Where to find:

The spectacled bear is actually occupying mountains of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina. Someone sustain there is a small presence in Panama but if there is will be a very small population. A beautiful discover was to find by the Spectacled Bear Conservation of 65 specimens in the low elevation dry forest.

Spectacled bearLifestyle:

Spectacled Bear is one of smallest bear knowledge. In fact, his remote habitat joined to his shy character. And the solitary attitude didn’t permit to the scientists to study him up the recent years. So we don’t know a lot about him.

He is vegetarian, probably the more vegetarian of bears. He eats many threes the most common foods include cactus, bromeliads, palm nuts, bamboo hearts, frailejon, orchid bulbs, fallen fruit on the forest floor, and unopened palm leaves.

Occasionally he attacks and kills some animals like deer or lama. And sometimes even cattle but this is not demonstrated. His life is known only in captivity and is around 36. In the natural environment is estimated around 20.

Climbing attitude

The impressive characteristic of this bear is the climbing attitude. All bears climb but this is very impressive. It was filmed in rock walls very danger, watch the video below. On the trees, he climbs without problem up to 20/30 mt high. And he is usually creating a platform on the tree where he can protect himself and he can rest quite.

The spectacled bear is classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN red list. The risk as usually can come from human/animals conflict. This bear loves even maize plantation. When is the season he can destroy a significant part of the cultivations.

Local people in this cases prefer to kill the animal. Thinking to solve the problem but like our readers know, it is a false solution. Because when you kill the bear you kill a part of the ecosystem and consequently you kill a part of you.

Dr. Robyn Appleton has found the Spectacled Bear Conservation in Peru. And through her and her team which now we can know more about the spectacled bear. And to protect him through a scientific approach. Her program includes involving the community with education and support.
Support even you Spectacled Bear Conservation

Major risk:

Climate change is as usually an important reason of threat. Is knowledge the habitat occupied by the spectacled bear is suffering the climate change. Strictly connected is the original habitat loss. For thousands of years, this territory was occupied and tapped by humans. And is estimated the 5% only of the original Andean forest remain.


Human-Bear conflict need more studies


Human-Bear conflict

Human-Bear conflict is actually the most important argument of discussion in the wildlife world.

The actually situation about conservation of bear need to be explained, because if you look for the bear in general, is not threatened, so you can think there is no problem for bear, is false, this is a generally evaluation but when we go to analyze divided by specie the situation radically change, for example the spectacled bear ( Andean bear ), and is not enough, if we go deep and we considerate even the regional division by specie, we discover another big problem in the same area can be found zone where is extinct.[wp_bannerize group=”inarticle”]

Many people think which if in general level there is no problem the ecosystem is in balancing. Is a totally false approach and is a theory used from who want to hide his personal interests. Imagine your body, and imagine to feel pain at an arm, the pain is localized in that arm but the problem will interest all your body and your life, the same is for the ecosystems, if one small part of the ecosystem is injured the entire ecosystem will be afflict.

Human-bear conflict
Human-bear conflict CC0

Looking around the world we can see that the human-bear conflict managing is a big problem, local administrator mostly time are not prepared to manage the problem because there is ignorance on the theme. Conservationist have sometimes not correct approach, and scientist use terms of difficult understanding. Consequence of this situation is the increase of the conflict. Is not our intention to accuse some of the actors but we want to remark the problem and offer some suggestion for to arrive at the best result which is the best for human and for bear.

A lot of time I eared shepherds tell “bear, it was introduced here, before, it was not ” , is typically of who have insufficient knowledge about wildlife, don’t exist a program which introduce an animal specie in ecosystem which never been there. Why it was reintroduced? because if in the past it was there, the absence create a problem in the ecosystem balancing, is not against the shepherds or for funny the reintroduction.

I saw even some administrators order to kill one bear because he had injured a man, nothing is more stupid of this action, in the 80% of cases was a mother with cubs and when you kill the mother you condemn the cubs. and in the remain cases is the incorrect approach at the environment the problem, human are not a prey for bear, but can be a danger and he will defend himself .[wp_bannerize group=”inarticle”]

What we can do for to help the correct managing of the human-bear conflict? actually need to understand the correct approach is locally. Any location have his culture, specially the rural areas have different approach wit the wilderness. The past actions have showed, the bear presence is more accepted if the shepherds are refunded in case of lost their livestock. Is necessary from scientist and conservationist ( mostly time are the same actors ) to institute educational programs for the communities interested. People need to know what the program is doing, explaining through the time the situation of the bear population and help the locals to have passion for their treasure.

Administrator need don’t look how many votes give they back a determinate action, is time to think for a common interest, for that you was been elected. When there is a problem the first thing is to have correct information from scientist and the decision, like for example the transfer of the critical animal, need to be evaluate with scientist team.

We think is a good idea to involve the rangers in the project, they are not a wardens only, they are the first animal lovers and they have even the contact with the community .

Finally we think is necessary a modern approach of the managing, all the actors need to be part of the project and they need to be stimulated. Just all together we can have a better world. Donn’t forget to watch the video above, it can explain you a lot of things simply.[wp_bannerize group=”inarticle”]