Mountain gorilla – silverback gorilla in the wild

Mountain Gorilla

Mountain gorilla – silverback gorilla in the wild

Mountain gorilla – silverback gorilla in the wild

IUCN red list classification as critically endangered

Scientific Name: Gorilla beringei beringei
English name: Mountain gorilla
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Hominidae
Link to Red List page: Mountain gorilla in the red list


The only habitat of this Gorilla is the mountain forest at an altitude between 2200 and 4300 mt. The forest is the cloud forest, a kind of forest tropical or subtropical. This forest is permanently in the clouds, from here his name.


The mountain gorilla can reach 190 kg of weight and tall 150 cm. Female is usually the half or a little bit more than male.

Where to find:

According to his small number remaining, he is present only in a region located in three countries. Uganda, Rwanda, Republic Democratic of Congo. The parks are The Virunga in RDC. The Volcanoes in Rwanda and Magahinga in Uganda. All together are called Trans National Park.

Mountain gorilla in VirungaLifestyle:

In the imaginary of most of us, mountain gorillas remember Tarzan’s legend.
Mountain gorilla is one of two subspecies of the Eastern gorilla ( gorilla beringei ).
The population is around 880 specimens and is growing. Anyway, the 880 is a very low number, so they are listed by IUCN as Critically Endangered. Just one step from the extinction. Remember extinction is forever.


This gorilla is terrestrial, is one who has better adapted to the terrestrial life. Is quadrupedal, his movement is similar to the Chimps. They live in small groups of around teen animals, in rare cases also can be even of thirty elements.

There is a leader, a silverback, it is the name of the adult male. The leader is the strongest of the group. And he protects the group from humans or leopard even with his life.

Contrary to common thought, mountain gorilla is pacific and calm. The rarity and also the vulnerability of this animal, are imposed the necessity of regulating the visits by humans. If you are thinking about watching a gorilla group, will be necessary to book with a large advance. The number of tourists admitted per day is fixed, so is necessary the advance booking.
Usually, we think the gorilla is the more similar animal to the human. Did you know? if we look the gorilla aesthetically, the ability with hands and also the clever, we can say that. Therefore now science confirms this sensation with the genome study. Especially relevant the study confirm the genome appear 98% the same of the human.

Major risk:

The major risk is poaching connect with regional instability. The problem of poaching is the bush-meat, the poachers kill with the guns but even with snares. Sometimes especially gorilla cubs are victims of this snares. Also, there is even a part of poaching which involves the gorillas for the illegal trade. Another issue is the diseases caused by bacteria carried by humans.

In conclusion, even the habitat is a problem. In this specific moment, the good news is the increment of number much as last years. But if we are lucky and the population of Mountain gorilla will grow. They will need to expand their areal. Consequently when the areal around the actual is by human activity. Therefore the growing will be impossible.
The restrict area is one of the reason because of inbreeding. So this problem can be solved only with the enlarging of their areal.